Vikings by Laura Pheasey
Vikings – Who were they?
Vikings were the people of Norway, Sweden and Denmark.
They were very adventurous people who went off raiding monasteries.
Vikings traveled to many lands sometimes raiding, but mostly to look for places to live.
The Vikings had to find land as the population kept getting bigger and food became less.
Archaeologists examining a Viking settlement
The Vikings settled in Waterford, Dublin, Wexford and Limerick.
In Dublin they made a large port and it soon became a large trading port in Ireland.
A Viking lived in a house surrounded by houses.They lived in villages because if they were attacked there would be a large group to fight back.
The Vikings were not always mean savage people.They were excellent craftsmen, goldsmiths and silversmiths.
Women made combs to trade abroady.Where
Viking children grew up there was many diseases so most children died.
In attacks the Vikings like to come without the enemy knowing.
A long ship was a long slender boat made from wood. It had a red and white flag.
On the bow of the ship there was the head of a dragon.
The Viking thought dragons made them better at fighting. It was so slender so it could easily glide through the narrow waters. It could hold 60 warriors.Fifty nine would row and one would navigate.
When the Viking ship stopped at land all the oars were tucked away. Longships were built to carry groups of warriors.
The Vikings had many Gods.
Here are some of them, Thor, Olof, and Odin.The Vikings worshipped these Gods who they believed would give them an afterlife.
Viking burial groundValhalla
was said to be a hidden cove.But
really it was the burial place for Vikings.
Vikings were either buried in a pit or set on fire.
Many bodies have been found with a slave or a thrall, with lots of
jewellery, food and possessions.The
Vikings thought they would use them in the afterlife.
One ship was found with two bodies in Osebery. It contained the bodies of a princess, a thrall and many of her possessions such as jewellery, clothes etc.
The Vikings wore clothes made from wool, linen and furs. Rich people could afford silks from places like Rome. A Viking man wore a tunic made from wool or linen and it was tied with a brooch.Under this he wore trousers which was tied with a belt.A woman wore a linen dress tied by a brooch over the shoulders which also held an apron over the dress.A child dressed like his/her parents.All Vikings wore leather shoes.It was very uncommon to see a poor person wearing silks.Only rich people could afford these.
A slave wore very shabby clothes.
A whalebone board and a heated glass ball were used for ‘ironing’ clothes.
Farm foul provided the Vikings with meat and eggs.They grew vegetables such as peas, bean and cabbages. Hot soup, made from vegetables and bits of meat was made a favourite food of the Vikings during the cold weather.
Vikings also liked to fish.Men became hunters and fishermen to increase food supply. In the seas around their homeland they caught herring, cod, salmon and trout. On land Vikings hunted animals like deer.
Cauldron for cooking
Reginalds Tower was built by
Reginald and i s situated on the edge
of the river to protect the town from
It was used as a defense, mint, gail and museum.
While building in Waterford many artifacts were unearthed by archaeologists. These are to be seen in the Museum at The Grannary, Waaterford Treasures on the Quay.
Photographs could not be taken of these artifacts.
Remains of the Viking Walls are still to be seen in Waterford.
Images taken from Map of Waterford
Source of Information:
Class History Book
Viking CD by Dorling Kindersley
Viking Web Resources.